Which is better God only knows" Edmanp. Their implication that death is a blessed relief from the suffering that is life has proved a watershed in Western philosophical attitudes toward life and death, with some subsequent thinkers echoing their otherworldly metaphysics and others, like Nietzsche, countering with a passionate affirmation of life against death. Because a philosophical verdict on death entails a judgment on life as well, no issue is more central to the metaphysical controversies that have marked the history of Western philosophy nearly from the beginning.
Nihilism Do you believe that life does end, or may end, at death? Everyone who believes that death may be the end should read the following short essay. It represents a serious attempt to help you recognize questions you probably already have on your mind.
We will suggest that, whether they realize and admit it or not, anyone who does not believe in an "afterlife" may in fact be a "nihilist". We will be discussing the oxymoron that true Nihilists believe in "nothing".
We will also suggest that any use of the word Nihilism that includes active destruction of anything is an unjustified extension of the concepts underlying nihilism. We will suggest that while Nihilism does not condone negative acts, it is equally true that there are no logical grounds for what is often called "positive" nihilism, which is sometimes associated with Humanism and Rationalism.
In doing so we will be questioning the very foundation of the works of modern philosophers who argue that one may find or create "value" in a world without a life after death, a humanistic, nihilistic world. There are many, many, sincere people who champion a rationalist, humanistic, worldview.
They present convincing logical arguments that lead to the conclusion there is no life after death. The goal of this essay is to present straightforward arguments for my conclusions. Most people start with what they believe to be a basic understanding of "nothing".
Many secular thinkers embrace the idea that there is nothing after physical death, yet at some point in their lives experience angst when they recognize the logical consequences of what they believe. They seek ways to avoid what they think they have discovered by redefining nihilism.
I believe that this almost universal response to nihilism is misguided because of a fundamental misunderstanding of "nothing" as being like the Cheshire cat, not real yet not unreal.
We will discuss what I believe is the true nature of "nothing" and then suggest an appropriate response.
Nihilism should equate to "nothing", yet it is most often associated with a belief system characterized by an enthusiastic mental animation of what we might call nothingness. Most philosophers recognize the ultimate simplicity of nihilism, yet almost every intellectual faced with nihilistic thoughts refuses to resist the human urge to literally make something out of nothing.
Human nature instinctively fights against any suggestion that absolutely nothing may be in our future.
Before proceeding I should say that I am not a nihilist. I am a theist who believes that our past, present, and future have meaning and purpose. If you find the conclusions of this book troubling then please read the other books before deciding for yourself what you choose to believe.
This essay is a collection of thoughts about Nihilism.
It is the culmination of a lifetime of observing sincere individuals struggling with the concepts and consequences of nihilistic thoughts. Over the years it has varied in content, from a fairly long book to the current short essay, which is basically four chapters taken from our books. It is primarily meant to introduce the discussion which is presented in the books.
There is a risk that as you read this essay you may think we are suggesting that there is no "reason to live". That is not what we are saying at all!
In fact we are saying the opposite, we have abundant hope that if you search within, you will find in yourself the reason for living. If you are discouraged or depressed, please finish reading all of this essay and then read our other books.
Anyone who is, or becomes, seriously depressed should always seek immediate medical help. If in fact you do exercise meaningful freedom of choice, what good is it to be a unique human being if at your death you cease to exist? If you do not continue to exist in some form after death, what good are all the experiences, decisions, triumphs, defeats, all the moments of your life?
If you do not survive the grave, if you return to the state of being that preceded your birth, then I suggest to you that nothing in fact does matter. If there is anything in life we can count on occurring without fail, it is physical death. The successful bank president, the champion athlete, the homemaker, the famous, the unknown, every human being, you, die.
While all acknowledge the certainty of their eventual demise, few think about death until they are faced with it. The simple fact of death is not news to anyone, yet the reality of its impending occurrence is ignored by virtually every living person.
The very nature of human life denies death and shrouds it in the cloak of future events, events that are not yet real and do not need to be dealt with in the present. Living is too important and time consuming to be concerned with mortality.This course taught by Yale professor Shelly Kagan deals with something we're all going to face--death.
Here's how the course description reads: There is one thing I can be sure of: I am going to die. But what am I to make of that fact? This course will examine a number of issues that arise once we. Immanuel Kant: Immanuel Kant, German philosopher who was one of the foremost thinkers of the Enlightenment and who inaugurated a new era of philosophical thought.
Albert Camus (—) Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, philosophical essayist, and Nobel laureate. Though he was neither by advanced training nor profession a philosopher, he nevertheless made important, forceful contributions to a wide range of issues in moral philosophy in his novels, reviews, articles, essays, and speeches—from terrorism and.
Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven" Poe's symbol of "Mournful and Never-ending Remembrance," as treated in the world-famous poem, and Poe's "The Philosophy of Composition.".
Afterlife (also referred to as life after death) is the concept that an essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues to manifest after the death of the physical body.
According to various ideas about the afterlife, the essential aspect of the individual that lives on after death may be some partial element, or the entire soul or spirit, of an individual. E [jump to top]. Early Modern India, analytic philosophy in (Jonardon Ganeri) ; Eckhart, Meister — see Meister Eckhart; ecology (Sahotra Sarkar).
biodiversity (Daniel P. Faith) ; conservation biology — see conservation biology; economics, philosophy of (Daniel M. Hausman) ; economics and economic justice (Marc Fleurbaey) ; education, philosophy of (Harvey Siegel, D.C.
Phillips, and Eamonn.