The Iroquois Tribes The Masssachusetts Mohawk Trail began as a Native American footpath used for trade, hunting, and social calling by five tribes, including the Pocumtuck and the Mohawk. The Iroquois people have inhabited the areas of Ontario and upstate New York for well over 4, years. Technically speaking, "Iroquois" refers to a language rather than a particular tribe. In fact, the Iroquois consisted of five tribes prior to European colonization.
I by Loretta Hall Overview The Iroquois Confederacy, an association of six linguistically related tribes in the northeastern woodlands, was a sophisticated society of some 5, people when the first white explorers encountered it at the beginning of the seventeenth century.
Although Iroquoian tribes own seven reservations in New York state and one in Wisconsinthe majority of the people live off the reservations. An additional 5, Iroquois reside in Canadawhere there are two Iroquois confederacy reservations.
The people are not averse to adopting new technology when it is beneficial, but they want to maintain their own traditional identity.
They called themselves Haudenosaunee pronounced "hoo-dee-noh-SHAW-nee"or people of the longhouse, referring to the construction of their homes, in which extended families of up to 50 people lived together in bark-covered, wooden-framed houses that were 50 to feet long.
They also envisioned their extended community as occupying a symbolic longhouse some Iroquois confederacy long, with the Mohawk guarding the eastern door and the Seneca the western. The origin of the name Iroquois is uncertain, although it seems to have involved French adaptations of Indian words.
One likely interpretation of the origin of the name is the theory that it comes from the Algonquian word "Irinakhoiw," which the French spelled with the -ois suffix. The French spelling roughly translates into "real adders" and would be consistent with the tendency of European cultures to take and use derogatory terms from enemy nations to identify various Native groups.
The Mohawk called themselves Ganiengehaka, or "people of the flint country. The Onondaga "people of the hills"the Cayuga "where they land the boats"and the Seneca "the people of the big hill" named themselves by describing their homelands.
Because the Algonquian people living on both sides of the Iroquois corridor are of a different culture and linguistic stock, it appears likely that the Iroquois migrated into this area at some time.
No evidence has been found to indicate where they came from, however. The Cherokee people, whose historic homeland was in the southeastern United Statesbelong to the same linguistic group and share some other links with the Iroquois.
Where and when they may have lived near each other is unknown. Despite their common culture and language, relations among the Five Tribes deteriorated to a state of near-constant warfare in ancient times.
The infighting, in turn, made them vulnerable to attacks from the surrounding Algonquian tribes. This period, known in the Iroquois oral tradition as the "darktimes," reached a nadir during the reign of a psychotic Onondaga chief named Todadaho.
Legend has it that he was a cannibal who ate from bowls made from the skulls of his victims, that he knew and saw everything, that his hair contained a tangle of snakes, and that he could kill with only a Medusa-like look.
Into this terrible era, however, entered two heroic figures. Deganawidah came from his Huron homeland in the north, travelling unchallenged among the hostile Iroquois. Finally, he encountered a violent, cannibalistic Onondagan. According to legend, Deganawidah watched through a hole in the roof while the man prepared to cook his latest victim.
Iroquois Confederacy: Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee Confederacy), confederation of five (later six) Indian tribes across upper New York state that participated in the struggle between the French and British in North America. The Iroquois nations are the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora. Iroquois wampum belt: Here is a link to the Haudenosaunee Grand Council, where you can find information about the Iroquois Confederacy past and regardbouddhiste.com is the website of the Iroquois Museum of New York, where you can see photographs of Iroquois art and artifacts. The captains for the four-legged animals were: The Bear – whose weight overpowers all opposition, The Deer – whose speed and agility to stop and go made him invaluable to the team, and The Great Turtle – who could withstand the most powerful blows and still be able to advance towards the opposition.
He was struck by the thought that the beauty of the face was incompatible with the horrendous practice of cannibalism and immediately forsook the practice. He went outside to dispose of the corpse, and when he returned to his lodge he met Deganawidah.
On the banks of Onondaga Lake, sometime between andDeganawidah established the Iroquois Confederacy, a league of nations that shared a positive code of values and lived in mutual harmony.
Out of respect, the Iroquois refer to him as the Peacemaker. When the first white explorers arrived in the early seventeenth century, they found the settled, agricultural society of the Iroquois a contrast to the nomadic culture of the neighboring Algonquians.
During that period, the Iroquois began to acquire European trade goods through raids on other Indian tribes. They found the metal axes, knives, hoes, and kettles far superior to their implements of stone, bone, shell, and wood.
Woven cloth began to replace the animal skins usually used for clothing materials. The recurring raids prompted the French to help their Indian allies attack the Iroquois inopening a new technological era for the people of the Confederacy.
French body armor was made of metal, whereas that of the Iroquois was made of slatted wood. Furthermore, the French fought with firearms, while traditional Iroquois weapons were bows and arrows, stone tomahawks, and wooden warclubs.
In response to European influence, the Iroquois gradually changed their military tactics to incorporate stealth, surprise, and ambush.IROQUOIS CONFEDERACY  by Loretta Hall Overview The Iroquois Confederacy, an association of six linguistically related tribes in the northeastern woodlands, was a sophisticated society of some 5, people when the first white explorers encountered it at the beginning of the seventeenth cen.
Iroquois Nationals reject Palestinian request to boycott world lacrosse championship in Israel The Nationals, who represent the Iroquois Confederacy, often find themselves ensnared in.
Iroquois flag: Yes, the Onondaga nation was one of the original members of the Iroquois League, or Kanonsionni in their own language ("league of clans.") The other member nations were the Mohawk, the Seneca, the Cayuga, and the regardbouddhiste.com a sixth tribe, the Tuscarora, joined the regardbouddhiste.com these long-term allies refer to themselves as the Haudenosaunee ("people of the longhouse") or.
Iroquois Warriors: Discover interesting facts and information about the Iroquois Confederacy. What was the Iroquois Confederacy? The Iroquois Confederacy was a cultural and political union of several Native American tribes residing in the present-day state of New York.
Iroquois: Iroquois, any member of the North American Indian tribes speaking a language of the Iroquoian family.
They occupied a continuous territory around the Lakes Ontario, Huron, and Erie in present-day New York state and Pennsylvania (U.S.) and southern Ontario and Quebec (Canada). Especially for Classroom Study: (online Jan.
) Hurons and Iroquois: A Historical Research Project Completed by the Grade 5 Class of Lumsden Elementary School Includes much information and activities.
Native American Lore legends; Large number of "Native Quotes" Native Poems Poems by contemporary Native Americans Iroquois Nation (E.
Crystal) Long list of facts about the Iroquois.