Why did George Orwell write it? Learn about this book with this in-depth study guide. His vision consists of a farm ruled by animals, in which there are no people around to rule the animals and oppress them.
See also Criticism and George Orwell Criticism. Pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair English novelist, essayist, critic, journalist, and memoirist. Utilizing the form of the animal fable, the short novel chronicles the story of a group of barnyard animals that revolt against their human masters in an attempt to create a utopian state.
On a larger scale, commentators widely view Animal Farm as an allegory for the rise and decline of socialism in the Soviet Union and the emergence of the totalitarian regime of Joseph Stalin.
Critics regard the story as an insightful and relevant exploration of human nature as well as political systems and social behavior.
Plot and Major Characters The story opens as the barnyard animals of Manor Farm discuss a revolution against their master, the tyrannical and drunken farmer Mr.
Old Major, an aging boar, gives a rousing speech in the barn urging his fellow animals to get rid of Jones and rely on their own efforts to keep the farm running and profitable. Identified as the smartest animals in the group, the pigs—led by the idealistic Snowball and the ruthless Napoleon—successfully plan and lead the revolution.
After Jones and his wife are forced from the farm, the animals look forward to a society where all animals are equal and live without the threat of oppression.
But soon, the pigs begin to assume more power and adjust the rules to suit their own needs. They create and implement an ideological system, complete with jingoistic songs and propaganda as well as strict rules. Once partners and friends, Napoleon and Snowball disagree on several issues regarding the governing of the farm.
Before long, the pigs separate themselves from the other animals on the farm and begin to indulge in excessive drinking and other decadent behavior. Under the protection of the dogs, they consolidate their iron-fisted rule and begin eliminating any animal they consider useless or a threat to their power.
Animal Farm ends with the majority of the animals in the same position as in the beginning of the story: It is generally accepted that Orwell constructed his story to reflect this purpose: Manor Farm represents Russia; Mr. The corruption of absolute power is a major theme in Animal Farm.
As most of the animals hope to create a utopian system based on the equality of all animals, the pigs—through greed and ruthlessness—manipulate and intimidate the other animals into subservience. Critics note that Orwell was underlining a basic tenet of human nature: In that sense Animal Farm is regarded as a cautionary tale, warning readers of the pitfalls of revolution.
Critical Reception Animal Farm is regarded as a successful blend of political satire and animal fable. It has been translated into many languages but was banned by Soviet authorities throughout the Soviet-controlled regions of the world because of its political content.
A few years after its publication, it attracted critical controversy because of its popularity amongst anticommunist factions in the United States; Orwell was alarmed that these forces were using his short novel as propaganda for their political views.
In the subsequent years, Animal Farm has been interpreted from feminist, Marxist, political, and psychological perspectives, and it is perceived as an important and relevant book in the post-World War II literary canon.Study Guide of Animal Farm by George Orwell.
written by: Keren Perles • edited by: SForsyth • updated: 4/19/ Five Questions for a Discussion or Paper. 1. List at least three characters’ names and explain the allusions inherent in each name.
The main points that you should discuss in answering this essay question are the speech. Background. George Orwell's Animal Farm is a satirical fable written as a look into the Russian Revolution of , and as criticism of Joseph Stalin's post WWII rule in the USSR.
As such, it. Animal Farm was published on the heels of World War II, in England in and in the United States in George Orwell wrote the book during the war as a cautionary fable in order to expose the seriousness of the dangers posed by Stalinism and totalitarian government.
Orwell faced several. "In the midst of the words he was trying to say In the midst of his laughter and glee He silently and quietly vanished away For the snark was a boson, you see" - Paraphrased. George Orwell's Animal Farm is a satirical fable written as a look into the Russian Revolution of , and as criticism of Joseph Stalin's post WWII rule in the USSR.
As such, it includes many parallels to real life events and persons, even though it uses farm animals as characters. George Orwell subtitled Animal Farm "A Fairy Story." Why? Just for ironic effect, or is there some other reason? Why use animals and exaggeration instead of just writing a political essay?