Medicine Chronic kidney disease CKD is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The cause or reason of CKD is that over the time you age, you get high blood pressure, diabetes, or a kidney problem you were born with. The symptoms of this disease are unnoticeable until later stages. Normally if you had chronic kidney disease you might feel generally unwell and experiencing a reduced appetite.
Tuesday, August 9, Essay on Kidney Disease and Risk of Periodontal Disease Kidney disease is any disease or disorder the affects the normal functioning of the kidneys. One of the more common kidney diseases is the renal failure which is the condition where the kidneys fail to function adequately and properly.
Renal failure is classified into acute, subacute, chronic and terminal renal failure Marinho et al,p. The association between renal failure and periodontal disease was discovered when researchers found that there was an increased risk of periodontal disease in patients with reduced glomerular filtration rates.
Recent studies now has established that patients who are suffering from renal failure and those who are undergoing dialysis are more prone to periodontal disease and other oral health problems. These studies also found that the severity of oral diseases is directly related to stage of the renal failure as those patients who are in the end stage of renal failure have more severe periodontal disease.
In other words, those who are in the latter stage of renal failure or those who are in the latter stage of their dialysis have greater degree of periodontal destruction Cengiz et al,p.
It must however be emphasized that periodontal disease may also be caused by other factors. Studies have shown that diet has an effect on the development of periodontal disease. For instance, sugar creates acidic conditions in the mouth which are ideal for the formation of bacteria.
Alcohol is also a reason for the development of gum disease and that alcoholics are more prone to having periodontal diseases. Studies also show that lack of vitamin C and vitamin D may lead to bleeding, destruction of the ligaments and tooth loss There are several reasons why patients who are suffering from end stage renal failure and those receiving dialysis are more prone to periodontal disease and other oral health problem.
One reason is that these patients often have a bad taste in their mouth because of the urea which stays from the blood which eventually breaks down to form ammonia. This often leads to halitosis.
Other research says that this is due to the changes it the chemistry of the saliva where levels of creatinine, urea, sodium, potassium, chloride and alpha-amylase were significantly higher in patients receiving dialysis that those who are not.
The most practical reason is that those who have kidney disease often consider dental hygiene and dental treatment as less important considering that the patients are already getting treatment for kidney disease.
In a study conducted by Marinho et al, they found that patients with chronic renal failure have a lower prevalence of caries, more supragingival plaque, more teeth with a loss of insertion and more missing teeth than those patients who have no kidney diseases.
RG Craig, on the other hand, states that chronic renal failure leads to xerostomia, delayed too eruption, calcification, enamel hypoplasia and altered salivary pH levels RG Craig,p. However, researchers have also found that periodontal diseases when left untreated may increase the risk of heart attack.
Compared to patients with chronic renal failure, the cases of carries were lower in the patients with terminal renal failure. This could indicate that the severity of the renal failure may be a protective factor against caries. Other researchers also suggest that the patient suffering from periodontal disease should see a dental hygienist before and after the kidney transplant as studies show that dental diseases that are left untreated may lead to viral infection inside the gum tissue which may promote the growth of bacteria.
The growth of bacteria causes severe complications which may damage the organ. The chronic inflammation that may be caused by a dental disease may also trigger a heart disease. Periodontal treatment which involves therapy of non surgical scaling and root planning, oral hygiene promotion, antimicrobial therapy and getting education on dental care help in preventing the presence of viral infection and growth of bacteria.
As of this time, availability of studies on the number of Americans who have kidney disease and periodontal disease at the same time is scarce. There is as yet no data on the estimated number of Americans who have kidney disease and periodontal disease.
However, in a recent study conducted by Joseph et althe results showed that out of a total of 77 patients who have kidney disease 71 have moderate to severe periodontitis.
Based on this study, 7.Essay: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is frequently associated with a progressive decrease in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which leads to end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
Usually chronic kidney diseases patients do not start dialysis until stage five. There are five stages of the disease. Stage one is renal insufficiency, stage two is mild reduction in GFR, stage three is moderate reduction in GFR, stage four is severe reduction in GFR, and stage five is kidney failure.
Essay Chronic Renal Failure. Chronic renal failure is a worldwide public health problem.
Millions of Americans are affected by this disease each year. It is a common condition in which there is progressive loss of kidney functioning.
Chronic Disease Essay. Chronic Disease Risk Assessment Melody Powell Sci/ April 2, Tiffany Smith Chronic Disease Risk Assessment Cancer is a large group of different groups of disease caused when abnormal cells divide and attack other tissue and organs. Cancer is the second most deadly disease in the United States.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide problem that is currently three times higher for African Americans, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, American Indians and seniors (The National Kidney Foundation, ).
CKD occurs when the kidneys are damaged by a pathogen or injury and they can no longer. So far, this essay has addressed the poorer quality of life experienced by patients with chronic conditions, with special emphasis on that of patients with kidney failure. It has, also, touched on the attempts made by theorists and researchers to conceptualise and assess quality of life.