Explore the latest strategic trends, research and analysis The United Nations will mark its 70th anniversary when world leaders assemble next month at its headquarters in New York. But if the UN is to continue to fulfill its unique and vital global role in the twenty-first century, it must be upgraded in three key ways.
Africa[ edit ] It has also been suggested that an African nation be given a seat on the Security Council, with EgyptNigeria and South Africa the most likely contenders. Although no one nation from Africa has formally been put forward as a candidate for membership on the Security Council, AlgeriaEgyptEthiopia South Africaand Nigeria are seen as the strongest choices.
Even the mere threat of a veto may lead to changes in the text of a resolution, or it being withheld altogether the so-called "pocket veto". As a result, the power of veto often prevents the Council from acting to address pressing international issues and affords the " P5 " great influence within the UN institution as a whole.
Articles and of the United Nations Charter grant the P5 veto over any amendments to the Charter, requiring them to approve of any modifications to the UNSC veto power that they themselves hold.
We advocate a criteria-based approach under which potential members must be supremely well qualified, based on factors such as: We have to look, of course, at the overall geographic balance of the Council, but effectiveness remains the benchmark for any reform.
As two global leaders, the United States and India can partner for global security—especially as India serves on the Security Council over the next two years.
An alternative way to fight against drugs. A project of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Lao PDR, which involves volunteers. It is generally argued that the U.S. has a small social welfare system compared to other rich nations and far more poverty. Contrary to conventional wisdom, however, noted liberal scholars Irwin. Chapter 2. Food security: concepts and measurement  Introduction. This chapter looks at the origins of the concept of chronic food insecurity, the implications for measurement, and suggests the need for a complementary investigation into the implications for .
Indeed, the just and sustainable international order that America seeks includes a United Nations that is efficient, effective, credible and legitimate. That is why I can say today, in the years ahead, I look forward to a reformed United Nations Security Council that includes India as a permanent member.
The United Nations exists to fulfill its founding ideals of preserving peace and security, promoting global cooperation, and advancing human rights. These are the responsibilities of all nations, but especially those that seek to lead in the 21st century.
And so we look forward to working with India—and other nations that aspire to Security Council membership—to ensure that the Security Council is effective; that resolutions are implemented, that sanctions are enforced; that we strengthen the international norms which recognize the rights and responsibilities of all nations and all individuals.
According to a formal statement made by 10 Downing Street: Reform of the UNSC, both its enlargement and the improvement of its working methods, must therefore succeed.
We reaffirm the support of our two countries for the candidacies of Germany, Brazil, India and Japan for permanent membership, as well as for permanent representation for Africa on the Council.
We regret that negotiations towards this goal remain in deadlock and are therefore ready to consider an intermediate solution. This could include a new category of seats, with a longer term than those of the current elected members and those terms would be renewable; at the end of an initial phase, it could be decided to turn these new types of seats into permanent ones.
We will work with all our partners to define the parameters of such a reform. UNSC reform requires a political commitment from the member states at the highest level.
We will work in this direction in the coming months with a view to achieving effective reform. It should also strengthen its influence and preserve its multinational nature and integrity of the UN Charter provisions. The reform of the UN Security Council is an essential component of its revitalization.
The time has come to speed up the search for a compromise formula of its expansion and increased efficiency of its work. Any package for restructuring of the Security Council should, therefore, be broad-based.
In particular, adequate presence of developing countries is needed in the Security Council. There must be an inclusive approach based on transparent consultations. The latter is the only avenue for the vast majority of Member States to serve on the Security Council.
Reform and expansion must be an integral part of a common package. This is due to its what may be called as "democracy deficit", which prevents effective multilateralism, a multilateralism that is based on a democratically-evolved global consensus.
Therefore, reform and restructuring of the United Nations system can alone provide a crucial link in an expanding chain of efforts to refashion international structures, imbuing them with a greater degree of participatory decision-making, so as to make them more representative of contemporary realities.
The expansion of the Security Council, in the category of both permanent and non-permanent members, and the inclusion of countries like India as permanent members, would be a first step in the process of making the United Nations a truly representative body.
It would face the risk of irrelevance; and we will face the risk of continuing turbulence with no one capable of addressing it.
Next year we will be seventy, we should ask ourselves whether we should wait until we are 80 or Let us fulfill our promise to reform the United Nations Security Council by Let us fulfil our pledge on a post Development Agenda so that there is new hope and belief in us around the world.
Let us make 2m5 also a new watershed for a sustainable world. Let it be the beginning of a new journey together. Its distorted form of representation stands between us and the multilateral world to which we aspire.Global Policy Forum is a policy watchdog that follows the work of the United Nations.
We promote accountability and citizen participation in decisions on peace and . The United Nations is an international organization founded in after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.
UN Security Council reforms 27 Revitalisation of the United Nations General Assembly 28 Creation of UN Women 29 Reforming the United Nations: state of play,ways forward 7 UN secretaries-general have pushed to reform peace support operations and structures. The United States and its allies want the United Nations to take greater initiative in reforming management to increase transparency, accountability, effectiveness and efficiency.
Chapter 2. Food security: concepts and measurement  Introduction. This chapter looks at the origins of the concept of chronic food insecurity, the implications for measurement, and suggests the need for a complementary investigation into the implications for .
Until women and girls can live free of fear, violence and insecurity, the world cannot pride itself on being fair and equal, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said on Monday, commemorating the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, marked annually on 25 November.